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Remote Procedure Call (RPC) is deepstreamHub's mechanism for request/response communication (think Ajax Request, but with added load balancing and rerouting etc).

RPCs are helpful on their own as a substitute for classic HTTP workflows, but are particularly useful when combined with other deepstream concepts like pub/sub or data-sync.

Some great uses for RPCs

  • Querying your database - If you’re using your own database or search engine with deepstreamHub, RPCs can be used to query data from it.
  • Interfacing with REST APIs - Need to retrieve a forecast from OpenWeatherMap, get a Github Repo’s commit history or query data from YQL? Create a process that forwards incoming RPCs as HTTP requests and returns the result.
  • Starting transactions - If your system has a concept of orders or purchases, RPCs are a great way to create them and return a recordId that let's users track the process of their transaction.
  • Securely combining multi step record transactions - If you're building a realtime voting system, you might want to increase the vote count AND flag the user as having voted at the same time. Use an RPC for that.
  • Distributing computational load - Running expensive image processing tasks? Break your image into parts and let deepstreamHub distribute them between RPC providers.
  • Asking users for input - Need to ask one of your users for input? RPCs can be used for question-answer workflows on the client as well.

Using RPCs

Let's look at an example: adding two numbers (granted, not something you would strictly need to do on the backend, but lets keep things simple).

Every RPC is identified by a unique name. For our example, we'll choose 'add-two-numbers'. First, a process needs to register as a "provider" - something that's capable of fulfilling a request. This is done using client.rpc.provide(). Each client can only provide each RPC once.

client.rpc.provide( 'add-two-numbers', ( data, response ) => {
    response.send( data.numA + data.numB );
});

Now any client can invoke the remote method. This is done using client.rpc.make().

client.rpc.make( 'add-two-numbers', { numA: 7, numB: 13 }, ( err, result ) => {
    // result == 20;
});

If you want to unregister your provider, you can do so using unprovide().

client.rpc.unprovide( 'add-two-numbers' );

RPC routing

Processes can register as providers for multiple RPCs and many processes can provide the same RPC. deepstreamHub will try to route a client's request as efficiently as possible as well as load-balance incoming requests between the available providers.

  • providers are asked sequentially, rather than in parallel if they can provide an RPC, e.g. the first provider rejects, the second accepts.
  • the order in which providers are asked is chosen at random, allowing for load distribution

Providers themselves are also able to reject requests (e.g. because they're under heavy load) using response.reject() which will prompt deepstream to re-route the request to another available provider.

//Limiting to 50 simultanious image resize tasks at a time
var inProgress = 0;
client.rpc.provide( 'resize-image', ( url, response ) => {
    inProgress++;

    if( inProgress > 50 ) {
        response.reject();
    } else {
        resizeImage( url ).then(() => {
            inProgress--;
            response.send( 'done' );
        });
    }
});

User specific data

You can learn about passing user specific data to RPCs in this tutorial.

Video Demo

If you would like to learn more have a look at the video tutorial with Yasser Fadl, explaining more in detail about request/response in deepstreamHub.